Updated November 2014

The briefing document on Syria contains information on the pro and anti government forces, Ba-athism, Syrian communism and a timeline of major events dating back to 1916.

Syrian Communism

The split in the Syrian Communist Party in 1986 had the backdrop of perestroika, with the Faisal wing essentially sympathetic and the Bagdash wing opposed. Differences also centred on inner party democracy (the last three general secretaries of the SCP in order have been KhaledBagdash, his widow Wisal and now his son Ammar). Both parties have expressed criticisms of the ruling Ba’ath (within permitted limits) with the SCP focusing on economic changes and the SCP (U) on political and democratic reform.

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Syria Briefing